‘Compulsory purchase’ is where the state or a public body is allowed to take your property (this means land and/or buildings) by right where it is needed in the public interest.
It may happen when all or part of your property is needed for a development project. Compensation will be paid to you for any property or rights taken from you.
What happens is that a body, which could be central government, a local council, a utility company (for example a gas, electricity or water supplier) or numerous other bodies including some private companies can obtain the legal powers to buy all or part of your private property. You will have to sell even if you don’t want to.
Some examples of the types of projects where compulsory purchase may be needed are:
- town centre regeneration
- housing developments
- road building projects
- rail building projects
- airport expansions
- electricity power plants pylons and cables
- flood defence works
- sewer, water or gas pipeline schemes.
Read the next page in this section
Our video guides
RICS agents act in your interest, are regulated and follow strict rules of conduct, and follow rules and best practice to ensure they provide exceptional service.
Getting a home survey is essential when buying a property, but it can be confusing. Watch our short video to find out which surveys are available
A home survey will provide the buyer with much more information on the state of the property and any work that will need to be carried out.