How nearby wind farms affect your health and the price of your property.
Energy-generating wind farms are sited on land (onshore) or out at sea (offshore). When the development starts, there is consideration about the impact on the landscape and local communities.
Can wind farms affect property prices?
There is no definitive answer to this question. There are some studies by RICS in addition to other research completed in the USA.
Our study in 2004 concluded that 60% of the survey sampled thought wind farms decrease the value of residential property where the development is within view. 67% of the sample indicated that the negative impact on property prices starts when a planning application to build a wind farm begins.
Our 2007 study found less of a definite trend. Here the sample consisted of a number of sites in Cornwall. We found that there are other reasons for house price fluctuations, despite initial evidence that there was an effect.
A study in the USA continues the theme of a minimal effect on house prices.
The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values in the United States: A Multi-Site Hedonic Analysis (2009)
Other reports suggest that the presence of wind turbines does have a profound effect on some of the residents living near a turbine. Dr Amanda Harry studied various sites around the UK in 2007. She found that the majority of people who live near a turbine found it had a negative affect on their health and quality of life. However, the study did not provide much evidence for lowering property values.
Read the report Wind Turbines, Noise and Health (2007).
However, a landmark case has shown evidence that the close proximity of wind farms can affect house prices. A council tax appeal ruled that Jane Davis would get a discount on her council tax because her home has lost value as a result of a wind farm. This ruling could be regarded as an official admission that wind farms have a negative effect on prices.
Valuation Tribunal Council tax appeal from Jane Davis (2008)
Renewable UK's FAQ about wind turbines
Are wind farms a health risk? Discussion from the NHS
Wind Farms – Distance from Housing - Parliamentary Briefing paper
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