The report describes the experiences and viewpoints of different participants and assesses the advantages and disadvantages of the participation process employed in the historic village of El Gourna, Egypt.


Each year approximately four to eight million people are relocated due to large development projects, a number far greater than those displaced by wars, famine, and natural disasters. Relocations typically result in the loss of important economic, cultural and social traditions, and an inequitable distribution of benefits and losses. This research looks into the case-study of El Gourna, Egypt whose residents were relocated to a new site three to four kilometres away in 2005.

The research aims to determine in what ways local villagers were involved and how local involvement and participation could be structured or enhanced to improve relocation outcomes.

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