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Showing 51 - 75 of 232 results
28 Apr 2018
Undue delay has caused poor performance in competitive tendering in Ghanaian public entities. In spite of this challenge, process timeliness has not received the needed attention in public works procurement in Ghana. Literature on the causes of delay in competitive tendering is scant with very little focus on the need to achieve process timeliness as a remedy to delays. In this paper, the need to remedy delays by focusing on process time effectiveness as a significant performance indicator is established.
Stress is a major concern in the construction industry (CI), with work overload, time pressure, a number of organizational tasks and physical demands as the common stressors. Although stress in the CI has been studied extensively, there is a lack of clarity on the ways to cope with it. Based on these considerations, the research identifies the factors that contribute to stress among industry professionals, considers the coping strategies professionals should use and examines the effects of stressors on their health and well-being.
This paper presents a study, which is a granted research project, aimedat supporting portfolio management of construction projects as a response to this need and current issues in portfolio management. Within this context a tool has been generated (COPPMAN - Construction Project Portfolio Management) that would meet the requirements in this area. The tool is believed to help professionals with its advantages in better visualisation and more realistic analysis of portfolios considering dependencies between projects related with resources, risks, learning potential and outputs.
Housing provides safety, comfort, positive experiences, satisfaction, and convenience to home occupants. Furthermore, it is also a source of wealth for many households. Despite the fact that housing is not affordable in Malaysia, unsold properties and overhangs are high and on an increasing trend. Therefore, the present research seeks to provide answers to a basic policy question namely, why affordable housing overhang is high, given the low home ownership rate in Malaysia.
Many attempts have been made in defining, exploring and quantifying COQ in recent years. However, the occurrences of high failure and the cost in correcting it is still a significant concern to many. This study aims to appraise external failure cost within the complex construction supply chain, then to identify strategies to prevent and appraise quality as a means of reducing failure. This paper provides interim findings from an on-going study of external failure cost in the construction industry.
Over the past twenty years there has been a general increase in rural land prices across the majority of New South Wales. In particular, there have been a number of locations with land price increases well above the State average. These same locations have also been subject to increased levels of foreign investment and ownership of rural land and greater participation by rural investment and management institutions. This paper compares the changes in rural land prices across a range of rural locations to the residential property markets in the main town centres servicing these rural areas.
The purpose of this study is to provide a critical review of existing studies on strategy to demonstrate the influence of information technology on strategy formulation in quantity surveying practices in Ireland. The paper focuses on the influence of IT on the strategic planning and decision-making process of QS practices in Ireland.
As global construction markets evolve, knowledge intensive construction professional service firms (CPSF) are required to formulate and implement a strategy in pursuit of competitive advantage. This research examines two latent social contagion processes inherent in the acquisition of knowledge in CPSFs: response to new knowledge from an industry knowledge leader (referred to as “Egonetwork” in social networks terminology) and the knowledge diffusion process whereby individual firms eventually become clustered and almost non-differentiated in knowledge terms (henceforth termed “contagion”).
The construction industry in Ireland has undergone considerable change in the last decade, the effect of which has resulted in a legacy malfunction in the construction labour market. This paper examines the significant shortage of professionals and analyses the options available to the sector in response to the problem. Moreover, consideration is given to the implications to the industry and the drivers and barriers to recruitment. Given the nature of the situation which the industry finds itself in, this paper pursues a possible solution aimed at satisfying all stakeholders while preserving quality and confidence in the industry.
This paper presents a model that extracts topological relationships and geometrical properties of building elements from an existing fully designed Building Information Model (BIM Model), and maps this information into a directed acyclic Elemental Graph Data Model (EGDM). The model incorporates BIM-based search algorithms for automatic deduction of geometrical data and topological relationships for each building element type.
The Construction Industry in Australia is plagued by mistrust and deception and the biggest feeder to this environment is the volatile relationship between the projects’ main contractor and its subcontractors. This research investigates the importance of subcontractors to industry and the influencing factors that promote the lack of collaboration and distrust.
The tiny home movement is a growing trend in real estate where people are choosing to downsize the space in which they live and live more simply. Pursuing the tiny home lifestyle comes with many barriers and challenges. This research seeks to first identify the existing barriers to the tiny home movement then identify possible ways to overcome these barriers. This research study is beneficial because it seeks to provide in-depth information regarding barriers in the tiny home movement, in particular to planning and zoning restrictions and financing for tiny home construction and/or purchasing of existing tiny homes.
The world is currently experiencing a proliferation of automated technologies in all areas of modern life. The general press widely reports on the rising use of ‘drones ‘and the emergence of automated cars on our roads. Similarly, sensational stories associated with drones and automated cars regularly make the news.
This paper examines portfolio risk management techniques and tools, commonly used in equity and bond portfolios to: measure, manage and mitigate property market risk / “beta”. The techniques used to measure and manage property market risk uses annual historical capital value returns of UK indices (Peter Scott’s data from 1920 and MSCI-IPD data from 1972).
Financial management (FM) of general contractors (GCs) occurs at both project and organisation level. This study was conducted among GCs to: investigate the financial practices of GCs; determine what causes poor profitability, cash flow problems, difficulty in securing work, insolvency, and financial failure.
This paper operationalises the Bellagio STAMP using the BREEAM Communities; LEED ND V4; PCRS; and the Green Star Communities. This is with the aim of arguing for a consensus approach to Sustainability Assessment at the neighbourhood level. Coupled with this, is to critically review if these selected assessment frameworks could lead to more sustainable neighbourhoods as envisaged.
There is an increasing body of research which identifies the need for flood risk mitigation advice and the potential for building professionals such as surveyors to be involved. This research explored the potential for surveyors to play a greater role in advising on at-risk commercial properties to better manage risk within the commercial property sector.
International Construction Joint Ventures (ICJVs) have become of significant interest as the global construction market continues to be integrated into the more competitive business environment. The aim of this paper is to uncover the knowledge transfer practices in an ICJV using Social Network Analysis (SNA). The case presented here is the pilot study.
This research investigates the roles of employers in the quantity surveyors’ motivation towards improvement of job performance in Malaysian construction industry. The subject of employees’ motivation is important as it is the key to high performance, especially in the construction industry, since the industry is related to human management.
This research considers the importance of trust between different project actors and the chances of project success within a single large public sector client organisation. The nature and role of both trust and project success through a review of management and project management literature, focusing on projects in the construction industry, is investigated.
The market demands from the UK Government on the construction sector increased during rearmament and the early years of the Second World War. The main contractors diversified into this market, then diversified their workload in the market and through geographical coverage across the regions.
The coordination of Health and Safety (H&S) during the design/pre-construction phase is often perceived as significantly important because of the ability to influence a reduction in the possibility of accidents and injuries. In the UK construction industry, the construction design and management (CDM) regulations are best placed to achieve this vision. Most importantly, the role of the Principal Designer (PD) is crucial, given their pre-construction phase responsibilities. This study critically evaluates the duties placed on PDs and examine the extent to which implementation of Building Information Modelling (BIM)-enabled H&S coordination enhances the discharge of duties performed by PDs.
International construction projects are important for contractors. Especially large contractors have expanded their businesses into global markets to seek new opportunities. Based on characteristics of projects, business continuity is essential for contractors’ long-term development strategy. This study builds a new method to measure the business continuity of international construction in order to analyse the continuity level of different contractors in different regional markets.
This paper investigates the effectiveness of local budget planning and management for the provision of adaptations. It examines the extent to which local authorities have sought to implement the ambitions of national policies and strategies in this regard.
District Heating is highly prominent in its potential to provide low carbon heating supply to UK residential buildings. This has provided the impetus to further investigate the practicalities of implementing District Heating on UK residential schemes. This research sought to review industry opinion and identify the prevalent challenges affecting the implementation of District Heating and how these can be overcome.
© RICS 2018
© RICS 2018