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7 SEP 2018

International Fire Safety Standards

Gary-Strong

Gary Strong FRICS

Global Building Standards Director

London, UK

RICS

Despite rapid globalisation, with investment flowing across borders, money pouring into built assets and increasing numbers of different professionals operating across the world, the industry currently lacks a consistent set of high-level principles for design, construction and management of buildings for fire safety.

Public risk

Differences in materials testing and certification, national building regulations or codes and guidance on managing buildings in use, particularly higher-risk premises, mean that there is confusion, uncertainty and risk to the public.

Multiple differing standards mean there is no single authoritative way to work. But for the first time at a global collaborative level, International Fire Safety Standards (IFSS) will bring greater consistency by setting minimum levels of fire safety and professionalism across the world. On 9th July 2018, the International Fire Safety Standards (IFSS) Coalition was launched at the UN in Geneva, Switzerland.

In the context of the IFSS Coalition’s work, an international standard is something that is established and agreed at a global level and implemented locally.

The IFSS themselves will be owned by the coalition and not by any single organisation. Member bodies subscribe to the shared international standards and commit to their use and implementation.

Universal rules

The coalition will provide universal rules that classify and define fire safety standards at project, state, national, regional and international levels.

Professional institutions will incorporate these high-level standards and rules into their guidance or local standards, and we expect governments to support or adopt these principles, or both. All organisations in the coalition will participate in implementing the shared international standards through their respective memberships and staff.

At present, the many contrasting standards across the world have created uncertainty and confusion in the testing and approval of construction methods, products and operation of buildings.

Research has shown that inconsistent approaches to the assessment and regulation of fire safety can lead to a loss of confidence by governments, financiers, investors, occupiers and the public in buildings and, in extreme cases, result in loss of life.

IFSS will be used throughout the world in both developed and developing nations. Each organisation in the IFSS Coalition has committed to the adoption of the standards throughout its own professional membership.

Our aim is that all higher-risk buildings to which occupiers and the public have access will publicly display a certificate of compliance with the IFSS.

IFSS will bring greater consistency by setting minimum levels of fire safety and professionalism across the world.

IFSS Coalition

The coalition is a group of professional and not-for-profit organisations responsible for researching, developing, publicising and implementing IFSS globally for the construction and real-estate sectors, and was established late 2017 after the Grenfell Tower fire tragedy in London in June 2017.

The coalition supports the creation, maintenance and use of high-quality international standards, developing these using a transparent and inclusive standard-setting process.

Each of the coalition organisations has signed a declaration of support and commitment to promote and implement IFSS, and to encourage world markets to accept and adopt them. It is establishing a standard-setting committee dedicated to realising shared and international fire safety standards.

Members of the coalition so far:

  • ABC – Association of Building Compliance (NZ)
  • ACAI – Association of Consultant Approved Inspectors
  • AEEBC – The Association of European Experts in Building and Construction
  • API – Australian Property Institute
  • APS  Association for Project Safety
  • ASFP - Association for Specialist Fire Protection
  • BAFE British Approvals for Fire Equipment
  • BCA – Building Control Alliance
  • BSSIG – Building Surveyors Special Interest Group (South Africa)
  • CABE – Chartered Association of Building Engineers
  • CASLE – Commonwealth Association of Surveying & Land Economy
  • CEBC  Consortium of European Building Control bodies
  • CFPA-Asia – Confederation of Fire Protection Associations
  • CIAT – Chartered Institute of Architectural Technologists
  • CIBSE – Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers
  • CIOB Chartered Institute of Building
  • CIRIA Construction Industry Research & Information Association
  • CTBUH – Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat
  • CTIF – International Association of Fire & Rescue Services
  • Engineers Australia
  • EPIC - Engineering Panels in Construction
  • FIA – Fire Industry Association
  • FIG – Federation International de Geometre, an international umbrella body of surveying professional bodies globally
  • FireWatch Solutions Inc
  • Foster + Partners
  • FPA – Fire Protection Association
  • FPA Australia  Fire Protection Association Australia
  • FSF - Fire Sector Federation
  • HKIS  Hong Kong Institute of Surveyors
  • ICC – International Code Council
  • IFE – Institution of Fire Engineers
  • IMA - Insulation Manufacturers Association
  • IPREA – Institute of Philippine Real Estate Appraisers
  • IWFM  Institute of Workplace and Facilities Management
  • LABC – Local Authority Building Control
  • NFIA – National Fire Industry Association Australia
  • NFPA – National Fire Protection Association (USA)
  • NHBC – National House Building Council
  • NIFHA  Northern Ireland Federation of Housing Associations
  • NZIBS  New Zealand Institute of Building Surveyors
  • PAM - Malaysian Institute of Architects
  • PIMA - Polyisocyanurate Insulation Manufacturers Association
  • RIBA – Royal Institute of British Architects
  • RICS  Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors
  • RMIT University
  • RTPI – Royal Town Planning Institute
  • SIA – Singapore Institute of Architects
  • SCDF  Singapore Civil Defence Force
  • SCSI - Society of Chartered Surveyors Ireland
  • SFPE – Society of Fire Protection Engineers
  • SGSA – Sports Ground Safety Authority
  • SIBL – Singapore Institute of Building Ltd
  • The World Bank
  • Underwriters Laboratories Inc
  • United Nations

Further members are expected to join the coalition shortly.

IFSS supporters

An IFSS supporter is an organisation that supports a collaborative approach to the development of international standards and commits, in principle, to the adoption of the suite. Supporters might include, but are not restricted to, the following types of organisation:

  • architects and designers
  • banks and lending institutions
  • construction companies, such as multinational firms that have international portfolios
  • construction consultancy firms
  • construction cost data service providers
  • construction industry service providers
  • construction material testing firms
  • construction product manufacturers
  • construction-related software providers
  • engineers
  • facilities management firms
  • fire consultancy firms
  • fire engineers
  • fire risk assessors
  • governments
  • planners
  • property investment firms and developers
  • surveyors.

Prospective IFSS supporters are asked to express their interest through any member of the IFSS Coalition, or by emailing Gary Strong for further details.

This article first appeared in RICS Building Surveying Journal (May/June 2018).

Gary-Strong

Gary Strong FRICS

Global Building Standards Director

London, UK

RICS

Gary leads the Global Building Standards department of Professional Groups. As a Chartered Building Surveyor, Arbitrator, Chartered Loss Adjuster and Chartered Building Engineer, he has over 38 years experience in residential, commercial and industrial property matters.

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