Research

Conference papers

RICS hosts the annual COBRA conference, a key event for presenting and discussing the latest industry research.

The latest conference papers from COBRA are available below. All papers were subject to review at both the abstract and full paper stage, to ensure relevance, rigour and topicality.

Showing 26 - 50 of 153 results

  • Facilities management

    Efficient operation and maintenance (O&M) contributing factors towards improving stratified housing performance

    This paper investigates the efficient factors contributing to efficient Operation & Maintenance (O&M) management. It explores the characteristics of O&M management attributes namely competent staff; well-planned O&M management; budgetary and financial control; delivery and execution of work; spare part of materials; green technology; regulation and compliance; and prevention of vandalism. Sets of questionnaires were distributed to the stratified housing residents within Klang Valley, Malaysia to evaluate their level of satisfaction on the services provided and examine the influence of O&M management attributes towards O&M services performance.

  • Project management

    Visualisation of complexity and risk in mega construction projects

    There is a need to develop visualisation method(s) to conceptualise the complexity and risk-related events and visualise their impact on project performance. In accordance with this overall purpose, this study aims to lay the groundwork for the exploration and identification of effective visualisation method(s) suitable for mega-projects.

  • Project management

    Prefabricated bathroom: advantages & implementation in Malaysia

    This research explores the advantages of utilising prefabricated bathrooms in building construction in Malaysia.

  • Sustainability

    Occupants’ perceptions of indoor environmental conditions in two BREEAM excellent buildings

    This paper presents a qualitative study that investigated occupants’ practices in two BREEAM Excellent buildings. This research investigated the levels of satisfaction of the building occupants with the thermal, lighting and aural environment and the actions taken by occupants to achieve comfort indifferent seasons.

  • Project management

    Do construction project managers need training in behavioural sciences to effectively manage project risk?

    The traditional function of the construction project management role is to integrate the technical variations between the different specialist roles involved in project delivery activities including risk management, to ensure integrative working practices devoid of cross purpose actions. This paper examines the behavioural patterns of the construction specialist roles responsible for design development and project risk management.

  • Procurement

    Public construction procurement: current practice in Turkey

    This paper examines the existing legislation and current practice of public procurement in Turkey and construction procurement specifically. The paper presents useful information by giving necessary definitions, explaining principles and procedures, and providing related statistics.

  • Project management

    Bridging practice and classroom through professional practice modules to improve the competance of construction management graduates: a case study

    This study aims to: (1) investigate the effective method to bridging practice and classroom through PPM; (2) explore the effectiveness of improving the competence of Construction Management (CM) graduates through Professional Practice Modules (PPM); (3) summarise the lessons learned which will be beneficial for other CM institutes which are going to initiate a PPM scheme. Based on the strategic co-operation with a Chinese listed construction company, the CM Department in SUST, China explored the ways to enhance the competence of their graduates through a scheme of PPMs, in which two modules were collaboratively undertaken by 4 professionals each from the company.

  • Quantity surveying & construction

    An analytical literature review of risks in collaborative procurement

    This paper reviews the impact of procurement risks on collaboration, by reviewing existing literature. The paper deals with various procurement risks i.e. reliability, commitment, trust, et al and attempts to establish a connection between procurement risk and barriers of collaboration as its root cause.

  • Sustainability

    Critical success factors (CSFs) for amplifying the integration of BIM and sustainability principles in construction projects: a Delphi study

    In recent years, there have been significant calls for a more technologically driven construction sector which would not meet the expected standards in quality, time and cost but also integrate sustainable principles in delivering its final products. This research determines and prioritises the key drivers that can enhance the integration of Building Information Modelling (BIM) and sustainable practices in construction projects.

  • Quantity surveying & construction

    Mixed methods research: a methodology in social sciences research for the construction manager

    Research indicates that many construction managers tend to primarily use a quantitative form of research (Fellows and Liu 1997; Dainty 2007; Creswell and Plano Clark 2011), with the minority using a qualitative form of research. Both miss out on the advantages that the opposing paradigms can bring.

  • Project management

    Urban construction project management: strategies in the coordination and management of external stakeholders

    Construction projects are renowned for their complex and fragmented nature, making their environments hazardous and risky. The risk aspect increases in an urban area, which can adversely affect the external stakeholders affiliated with the project. Therefore, this paper aims to identify and document various response strategies used to counteract the issues identified from external stakeholders on urban construction projects. The core objective of this research is to identify response strategies relevant to the issues, and in the management of the stakeholders in these intrinsically risky environments.

  • Project management

    Early implementation of BIM in architectural firms: a qualitative review of BIM and lean construction

    The implementation of Building Information Modelling (BIM) is accelerating within architectural practices. However, there is evidence to support the premise that lean construction principles are being underutilised. This research concentrates on lean construction, centred on the adoption of BIM. In addressing this aim, a three-tiered sequential research approach is adopted; in-depth literature review, interviews / focus groups and qualitative analysis.

  • Sustainability

    Benefits of green building: a literature review

    Over the past few years, studies on the benefits of green building have been conducted and published. However, little scholarly attention has been paid to the need to review the existing literature on the benefits of green building adoption. This paper provides a systematic review of selected academic papers published in construction management (CM) journals from 2000 to 2014 (years inclusive).

  • Project management

    Delays in the tendering process of public works procurement in Ghana

    Undue delay has caused poor performance in competitive tendering in Ghanaian public entities. In spite of this challenge, process timeliness has not received the needed attention in public works procurement in Ghana. Literature on the causes of delay in competitive tendering is scant with very little focus on the need to achieve process timeliness as a remedy to delays. In this paper, the need to remedy delays by focusing on process time effectiveness as a significant performance indicator is established.

  • Project management

    Strategies to cope with stress among construction professionals: an integrated perspective

    Stress is a major concern in the construction industry (CI), with work overload, time pressure, a number of organizational tasks and physical demands as the common stressors. Although stress in the CI has been studied extensively, there is a lack of clarity on the ways to cope with it. Based on these considerations, the research identifies the factors that contribute to stress among industry professionals, considers the coping strategies professionals should use and examines the effects of stressors on their health and well-being.

  • Project management

    Construction project portfolio management tool (COPPMAN)

    This paper presents a study, which is a granted research project, aimed
    at supporting portfolio management of construction projects as a response to this need and current issues in portfolio management. Within this context a tool has been generated (COPPMAN - Construction Project Portfolio Management) that would meet the requirements in this area. The tool is believed to help professionals with its advantages in better visualisation and more realistic analysis of portfolios considering dependencies between projects related with resources, risks, learning potential and outputs.

  • Affordable housing

    An investigation into the overhang of affordable housing in Malaysia

    Housing provides safety, comfort, positive experiences, satisfaction, and convenience to home occupants. Furthermore, it is also a source of wealth for many households. Despite the fact that housing is not affordable in Malaysia, unsold properties and overhangs are high and on an increasing trend. Therefore, the present research seeks to provide answers to a basic policy question namely, why affordable housing overhang is high, given the low home ownership rate in Malaysia.

  • Project management

    Operational quality failure issues: from client perspective

    Many attempts have been made in defining, exploring and quantifying COQ in recent years. However, the occurrences of high failure and the cost in correcting it is still a significant concern to many. This study aims to appraise external failure cost within the complex construction supply chain, then to identify strategies to prevent and appraise quality as a means of reducing failure. This paper provides interim findings from an on-going study of external failure cost in the construction industry.

  • Residential property

    The impact of rural land prices on residential property in NSW rural towns

    Over the past twenty years there has been a general increase in rural land prices across the majority of New South Wales. In particular, there have been a number of locations with land price increases well above the State average. These same locations have also been subject to increased levels of foreign investment and ownership of rural land and greater participation by rural investment and management institutions. This paper compares the changes in rural land prices across a range of rural locations to the residential property markets in the main town centres servicing these rural areas.

  • Quantity surveying & construction

    Information technology (IT) for strategy formulation in Irish quantity surveying firms: a literature review

    The purpose of this study is to provide a critical review of existing studies on strategy to demonstrate the influence of information technology on strategy formulation in quantity surveying practices in Ireland. The paper focuses on the influence of IT on the strategic planning and decision-making process of QS practices in Ireland.

  • Project management

    Social contagion and knowledge acquisition in construction professional service firms

    As global construction markets evolve, knowledge intensive construction professional service firms (CPSF) are required to formulate and implement a strategy in pursuit of competitive advantage. This research examines two latent social contagion processes inherent in the acquisition of knowledge in CPSFs: response to new knowledge from an industry knowledge leader (referred to as “Egonetwork” in social networks terminology) and the knowledge diffusion process whereby individual firms eventually become clustered and almost non-differentiated in knowledge terms (henceforth termed “contagion”).

  • Quantity surveying & construction

    Quantity surveying professional apprenticeships: a paragon for the supply of talent in the Irish construction industry

    The construction industry in Ireland has undergone considerable change in the last decade, the effect of which has resulted in a legacy malfunction in the construction labour market. This paper examines the significant shortage of professionals and analyses the options available to the sector in response to the problem. Moreover, consideration is given to the implications to the industry and the drivers and barriers to recruitment. Given the nature of the situation which the industry finds itself in, this paper pursues a possible solution aimed at satisfying all stakeholders while preserving quality and confidence in the industry.

  • Quantity surveying & construction

    BIM-based model for extracting the elemental graph data model (EGDM)

    This paper presents a model that extracts topological relationships and geometrical properties of building elements from an existing fully designed Building Information Model (BIM Model), and maps this information into a directed acyclic Elemental Graph Data Model (EGDM). The model incorporates BIM-based search algorithms for automatic deduction of geometrical data and topological relationships for each building element type.

  • Project management

    Factors influencing subcontractor and main contractor relationships in Melbourne construction industry

    The Construction Industry in Australia is plagued by mistrust and deception and the biggest feeder to this environment is the volatile relationship between the projects’ main contractor and its subcontractors. This research investigates the importance of subcontractors to industry and the influencing factors that promote the lack of collaboration and distrust.

  • Affordable housing

    Barriers in the tiny home movement

    The tiny home movement is a growing trend in real estate where people are choosing to downsize the space in which they live and live more simply. Pursuing the tiny home lifestyle comes with many barriers and challenges. This research seeks to first identify the existing barriers to the tiny home movement then identify possible ways to overcome these barriers. This research study is beneficial because it seeks to provide in-depth information regarding barriers in the tiny home movement, in particular to planning and zoning restrictions and financing for tiny home construction and/or purchasing of existing tiny homes.